Changing Life Patterns in Western Industrial Societies, by Janet Zollinger Giele, Elke Holst

By Janet Zollinger Giele, Elke Holst

Infrequently any wide analyses exist to hyperlink the gigantic modern swap in existence styles either to adjustments in women's lives (rising employment, declining fertility, and altering use of time) and to alterations in men's lives, the gender agreement, and the economic climate, in addition to to nationwide social regulations. This publication indicates not just related traits throughout nations but in addition the most likely course of destiny swap, fairly as relating to financial progress, gender fairness, and the healthiness of households and kids. the 1st bankruptcy, an outline by means of the editors, presents a complete conceptual framework for figuring out how the industrial, sociological, and cultural alterations have produced new person lifestyles styles. Succeeding chapters disguise partly I the connections among modern alterations in lives and the altering international economic climate, the altering welfare country, and the expansion of private selection; partly II altering time use styles of fellows and ladies; partially III the institutional components in employment, baby care, legislation, and kinfolk that have an effect on lifestyles styles of either sexes.

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Extra resources for Changing Life Patterns in Western Industrial Societies, Volume 8 (Advances in Life Course Research)

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Since roughly 1970, internal labor markets have been under siege from global competition and the new equality laws. ) have made work insecure and undermined the “family wage” that used to be paid to men as breadwinners. Women’s rising labor force participation has filled the gap in family income caused by the rising employment insecurity and falling relative income of male breadwinners. S. has responded first with more government regulation of employment, especially equal opportunity laws that have implications for women, racial minorities and other identity groups; second, with social programs such as welfare reform that emphasize work for women (even mothers) as well as men; and third, with an evolution in the structure of work itself that is giving ever larger emphasis to a project/team approach.

Z. Giele & E. Holst (Eds), Advances in Life-course Research: Changing Life Patterns in Western Industrial Societies (Vol. 8, pp. 45–68). Oxford: Elsevier. 22 JANET ZOLLINGER GIELE AND ELKE HOLST Hakim, C. (2003). Lifestyle preferences vs. patriarchal values: Causal and non-causal attitudes. In: J. Z. Giele & E. Holst (Eds), Advances in Life-course Research: Changing Life Patterns in Western Industrial Societies (Vol. 8, pp. 69–92). Oxford: Elsevier. Holst, E. (2000). Die stille reserve am arbeitsmarkt.

Three factors may have made the American crisis more acute. First, is the centrality of well-defined and stable jobs to the American system of work regulation through collective bargaining. Second, is the American unitary system of worker representation, rooted in the shop itself, that extends from there to the plant, company, and industry as a whole. Hence, it is not easy to make concessions in the shop without calling into question the institution as a whole. This is very different from the situation in Germany where the works councils in the shop are separate and distinct from the unions, which operate largely outside the company (Thelen, 1991); or even Great Britain, where there is an independent shop steward tradition (Hinton, 1973).

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