Beta Beams by Mats Lindroos

By Mats Lindroos

The beta-beam inspiration for the new release of electron neutrino beams used to be first proposed by way of Piero Zucchelli in 2002. the belief created relatively a stir, difficult the concept that excessive neutrino beams in basic terms should be made from the decay of pions or muons in classical neutrino beams amenities or in destiny neutrino factories. the idea that first and foremost struggled to make an influence however the exertions through many desktop physicists, phenomenologists and theoreticians over the past 5 years has received the beta-beam a well-earned place as one of many frontrunners for a potential destiny international laboratory for prime depth neutrino oscillation physics. this is often the 1st entire monograph at the beta-beam inspiration. The e-book describes either technical elements and experimental points of the beta-beam, supplying: scholars and scientists with an perception into the chances provided by way of beta-beams; facility designers with a place to begin for destiny reports; and, coverage makers with a finished photograph of the bounds and chances provided through a beta-beam.

Show description

Read or Download Beta Beams PDF

Similar particle physics books

Techniques for nuclear and particle physics experiments

The publication relies on a laboratory direction in nuclear physics given to complicated scholars. It treats the experimental suggestions and instrumentationmost usually utilized in nuclear and particle physics experiments in addition to in a number of different experimental sciences. It presents most respected effects and formulae, technical information and informative info on -interactionof radiation in topic; - radion security and radioactive assets; - data for the translation and research of knowledge; - rules and operation of the most different types of detectors (ionization, scintillation and semiconductor detectors); - nuclear electronics instrumentation (NIM, CAMAC); - quite a few platforms and recommendations for experiments.

Quarks, Hadrons, and Nuclei: Proceedings of the 16th and 17th Annual Hampton University Graduate Studies (HUGS) Summer Schools, Newport News, Virginia, USA, 11 - 29 June 2001 3 - 21 June 2002 ( World Scientific )

This quantity includes lectures provided on the 16th and 17th Annual Hampton college Graduate reports on the non-stop Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (HUGS at CEBAF) summer season colleges. The HUGS summer time institution brings pedagogical lectures to graduate scholars who're engaged on doctoral theses in nuclear physics.

Tracks to Innovation: Nuclear Tracks in Science and Technology

A serendipitous discovery in nuclear physics has resulted in a great tool in fabrics technology. within the overdue Nineteen Fifties, scientists at basic electrical (among them the writer) chanced on that after mica is uncovered to vigorous charged debris (such as are emitted in radioactive decay or take place in cosmic rays), the debris depart latent tracks within the fabric.

Silicon Solid State Devices and Radiation Detection

This publication addresses the elemental rules of interplay among radiation and subject, the rules of operating and the operation of particle detectors in response to silicon stable kingdom units. It covers a huge scope within the fields of software of radiation detectors in keeping with silicon sturdy country units from low to excessive strength physics experiments, together with in outer house and within the clinical atmosphere.

Extra resources for Beta Beams

Example text

Illustration courtesy of Robert Laxdal at TRIUMF. 2 Some basics about synchrotrons The synchrotron is basically a linac in which the particles are bent with dipole magnets into a closed orbit and return to the same radiofrequency cavities over and over again for acceleration. The injector – which could be a linac – fills the machine with particles, but as soon as acceleration has started and the field in the dipoles is increased to keep the particles on a closed orbit, no new beam can be injected.

As we want to have as many ions as possible to achieve a high intensity neutrino beam, the space charge limitations will be very important and will ultimately determine the absolute limit of any beta-beam facility in which we use circular machines. There are evidently many other effects which might limit the number of ions in the accelerator before the space charge limit is reached, such as beam loading of the accelerating cavities. Similarly, the beam impedance of the ensemble of vacuum chambers might induce other types of beam instabilities, such as multi-bunch instabilities.

A converter target for the production of 6 He has been studied [89, 90] using the reaction n + 9 Be = 6 He + 4 He which has a large cross section of some 100 mbarn. To the left in Fig. 4 the conceptual design of the beryllium-oxide target and Tungsten converter system from [89] is shown. The beryllium-oxide is either in fiber form or pellets which will permit the Helium atoms to diffuse out of the target. The beam used to generate the neutrons from the converter is a 1 GeV proton beam and the resulting relative neutron flux is shown to the right in Fig.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.03 of 5 – based on 24 votes