Atomic Physics: Accelerators by Patrick Richard (Eds.)

By Patrick Richard (Eds.)

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M e t h . 8, 195 (1960). 24 The term Van de Graaff is now a trademark of the High Voltage Engineering Corporation and therefore the terminology electrostatic accelerator should be used as a general description of such accelerators. 25 H . Naylor, Nucl. Insrr. Merh. 63, 61 (1968). 28 This accelerator was developed by the National Electrostatics Corporation and is designed as a 25 MV accelerator. 10 1. 4. New electrostatic accelerator facility under construction, 1979. 5-MV folded tandem electrostatic accelerator resides inside the huge tower adjacent to the Oak Ridge lsochronous Cyclotron Laboratory.

M. Coates, Phys. Rev. 46, 542 (1934). E. D . Donets and V . P. Ovsyannikov, JINR P7-10438 Dubna (1977). J . Arianer and Ch. Goldstein, IPNO-70-02 Orsay (1979). 22 1. INTRODUCTION curred, which seem to have caused a gradual but steady rise in the study of the accelerated-ion method and the type of physics one obtains from the strong interaction between ions and atoms of comparable nuclear charges. One of the first of these types of studies was performed interestingly enough with radioactive sources.

Energy Loss Theories: General Background In this chapter, we briefly describe various theoretical treatments of energy loss. We keep the discussion at a very elementary level in order to provide the general background needed in extracting information on energy loss. ' When a charged particle penetrates a material and collides with a target nucleus, the projectile deflects and the target nucleus recoils. This deflection phenomenon is well described by Rutherford's scattering law, which provides an accurate description of large-angle scattering, but these so-called single Coulomb scatterings are very rare events, and are by no means the majority of the projectile scattering events.

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