Aristotle: Semantics and Ontology, Volume 1: General by Lambertus Marie De Rijk

By Lambertus Marie De Rijk

This learn intends to teach that the ascription of many shortcomings or obscurities to Aristotle is because of the continual misinterpetation of key notions in his works, together with anachronistic perceptions of assertion making. within the first quantity Aristotle's semantics is culled from the Organon. the second one quantity offers Aristotle's ontology of the sublunar international, and can pay specific awareness to his technique of argument in mild of his semantic perspectives. The reconstruction of the semantic types that come ahead as surely Aristotelian may give a brand new impetus to the learn of Aristotelian philosophic and semantic notion.

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Extra info for Aristotle: Semantics and Ontology, Volume 1: General Introduction. The Works on Logic (Philosophia Antiqua)

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The representativeness of words comes also to the fore at Sens. ], since it is composed of words, and each word is representative ". 62 Int. 14, 23a32-35 and 24bl-2 are also reminiscent of chapter 1. In the opening lines of SE (165a6-17) the same idea of words as tokens for things is cleared up by a comparison with our use of pebbles in calculation, but the thoughts as likenesses intermediary between words and things are there omitted. 63 Nuchelmans (1973), 38. 64 For this use on the so-called όνομάζειν or onomastic level (as opposed to the περαίνειν or apophantic level) see my Index s.

7 5 Contrary to our taking apposition in general as a characteristic of the archaic paratactic style in Homer, Kahn explicitly argues that appositional syntax cannot be primitive but rather presupposes a copula construction. This view forms part, he says (201), of the more general claim that any predicative construction with verbs other than 'be' or 'become' presupposes at least one of these two basic copulas. But by taking this type of 'apposition' as 'quasi-predication' (203), this a r g u m e n t ignores the distinction between 'attribute' and '(sentential) predicate'.

14. g. Seuren (1998), 303-9. 90 I prefer to speak of'hyparctic'; see De Rijk (1986), 348-50. (e) T h e r e is an intrinsic relationship between the 'veridical' use of είναι ('is' = 'is-so' or 'obtains') and its 'existential' or 'hyparctic' use ('is' = 'exists' or 'is given'). e. the infinitival or participial phrase) as it has in its existential use with reference to the subject of the sentence designated by the noun or nominal formation. Thus when taken from the viewpoint of syntax and semantics, the formation '[(Socrates&pale)'s be-ing] obtains' is not substantially different from *'Pale-Socrates-is'; the difference is merely a matter of nuance.

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