By James M. Powell
James M. Powell right here deals a brand new interpretation of the 5th Crusade's historic and social influence, and a richly worthwhile view of existence within the 13th century. Powell addresses such questions because the measure of well known curiosity within the crusades, the spiritual weather of the interval, the social constitution of the club of the campaign, and the consequences of the recruitment attempt at the consequence.
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Mayer and Roscher have relied on the works of Paul Alphandery, La Chretiente et I'idee de croisade, and E. Delaruelle, L'idee de croisade, as well as the substantial literature on the papacy and the reform movements of the twelfth century. 23. " 24. See appendixes 2, 3, and 4. The basis for this research was the list published by Rohricht in his Studien zur Geschichte desfunften Kreuzzuges, 79—135, augmented by Beatrice N. ), and numerous other studies and sources. This process has involved an enormous task of checking and correcting, removing duplications, and searching for verification of doubtful entries.
PL, 216:823-25. 2. Neither Mayer (Crusades, 205—6) nor Roscher (InnocenzIII, 14069) discusses the significance of this long period of preparation, especially in its aspect as a time for enquiry and experimentation. The best account of these questions is found in Raymonde Foreville, Latran I, II, III et Latran IV, 248-50. 3. " However, Delaruelle applied it to the ideas of St. Bernard of Clairvaux in his essay "L'idee de croisade chez St. Bernard" in L'idee de croisade CM moyen age (p. 163). The Bernardian inspiration of Innocent's crusade ideology is quite clear, but, as is shown below, he has moved well beyond the great Cistercian.
Pixton, "Anwerbung," 170. 28. Kempf, "Das Rommersdorfer Briefbuch"; Pixton, "Anwerbung," 176. 29. Andrea, "Walter, Archdeacon of London," esp. 143; Jacobus de Vitriaco, Historic Occidentals, 102-3, 298-99. 30. Roscher, Innocenz III, 81. 31. Andrea, "Walter, Archdeacon of London," 147; Cheney, Innocent III, 263; The Letters of Pope Innocent III Concerning England and Wales, 110, 662; 118, 711 (hereafter cited as Calendar). 32. Cheney, Innocent III, 263. 33. See, for example, my article "Crusading by Royal Command: Monarchy and Crusade in the Kingdom of Sicily (1187—1230)," esp.