Alignment and Ergativity in New Indo-Aryan Languages by Saartje Verbeke

By Saartje Verbeke

The e-book offers an outline of the alignment styles present in glossy Indo-Aryan languages. The research of the styles of case marking and contract results in a balanced view at the notion of ergativity and evaluates its worth for typological linguistics. The publication bargains an in depth dialogue of earlier methods to ergativity. It analyzes 4 Indo-Aryan languages - Asamiya, Nepali, Rajasthani and Kashmiri - at the foundation of textual content corpora. Examples from different Indo-Aryan languages also are adduced. The booklet is an intensive synchronic examine of alignment styles in Indo-Aryan languages.

Show description

Read Online or Download Alignment and Ergativity in New Indo-Aryan Languages PDF

Similar semantics books

Knowledge of Meaning: An Introduction to Semantic Theory

Many textbooks in formal semantics are all types of, or introductions to, an analogous paradigm in semantic concept: Montague Grammar. "Knowledge of that means" relies on diversified assumptions and a special heritage. It presents the single advent to truth-theoretic semantics for normal languages, totally integrating semantic concept into the fashionable Chomskyan programme in linguistic thought and connecting linguistic semantics to investigate somewhere else in cognitive psychology and philosophy.

Partiality, Truth and Persistence

Regardless of many functions, a few mathematically interesting questions linked to the idea that of semantical partiality have got purely very constrained cognizance. This quantity is a examine in spatial version conception, the speculation of partly outlined types.

Modality, Semantics and Interpretations: The Second Asian Workshop on Philosophical Logic

This contributed quantity comprises either theoretical study on philosophical common sense and its functions in synthetic intelligence, ordinarily making use of the suggestions and methods of modal common sense. It collects chosen papers awarded on the moment Asia Workshop on Philosophical good judgment, held in Guangzhou, China in 2014, in addition to a couple of invited papers by means of experts in similar fields.

Incipient Productivity

How do audio system range demonstrated styles of language use and adapt them to novel contexts of software? This research offers a usage-based method of linguistic creativity: combining certain qualitative with large-scale quantitative analyses of corpus info, it lines the emergence of partial productiveness in clusters of traditional collocations.

Extra info for Alignment and Ergativity in New Indo-Aryan Languages

Sample text

3 Alignment splits based on referential hierarchies Pairings of grammatical relations constitute alignment patterns. For instance {S, A} as opposed to O is the pattern of accusative alignment. As Bickel (2011) shows, there are many possible pairings of grammatical relations. A single language normally does not display only one alignment type. Though the possibilities of alignment are numerous, in general there are certain recurring regularities in the distribution of alignment patterns. For instance, languages with predominantly ergative alignment may show accusative alignment under particular circumstances.

Prior to the proposal of semantic alignment, linguists commonly referred to “active” or “agentive” languages to indicate languages with predominantly semantically-based argument coding (cf. Klimov 1974; Tuite et al. 1985). One type of semantic alignment is indeed based on an active-stative and agent-patient distinction (cf. Nichols 1990; Mithun 1991). In an active-stative construction, the semantics of the verb determines the argument coding. , ‘dance’, ‘jump’ and most transitive verbs), S is coded in the same way as A.

Direct object), the alignment is accusative. Palmer calls this the “Subject-Object relation”. For lack of a better term that parallels the Subject-Object relation in accusative alignment, Palmer uses the term “Ergative-Absolutive relation” to refer to the grammatical relations (S=O vs. A) determining an ergative pattern. He draws on the case terminology (ergative/absolutive) rather than using separate names referring to grammatical relations (subject/object). According to Palmer, every language has one dominating type of grammatical relation, either the Subject-Object relation or the Ergative-Absolutive relation and these relations distinguish accusative and ergative “languages” (Palmer 1994: 14).

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.21 of 5 – based on 17 votes