By Committee on Air Quality Management in U. S.
Dealing with the nation’s air caliber is a posh project, related to tens of millions of individuals in regulating millions of toxins assets. The authors establish what has labored and what has no longer, and so they supply wide-ranging suggestions for environment destiny priorities, making tough offerings, and extending innovation. This new e-book explores find out how to larger combine medical advances and new applied sciences into the air caliber administration method. the amount stories the three-decade heritage of governmental efforts towards purifier air, discussing how air caliber criteria are set and effects measured, the layout and implementation of keep an eye on ideas, regulatory approaches and tactics, unique concerns with cellular pollutants assets, and extra. The e-book appears to be like at efforts to spur social and behavioral adjustments that have an effect on air caliber, the effectiveness of market-based tools for air caliber legislation, and lots of different features of the problem. wealthy in technical element, this publication can be of curiosity to all these engaged in air caliber administration: scientists, engineers, business managers, legislation makers, regulators, healthiness officers, clean-air advocates, and anxious electorate.
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Additional resources for Air Quality Management in the United States
Air quality monitoring networks have documented decreases in ambient concentrations of the criteria pollutants, especially in urban areas, and despite growth in power production and transportation uses. The NAAQS for sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, and carbon monoxide have 4The NRC charged the committee only to address air quality in the troposphere (lower atmosphere). The NRC has elsewhere provided treatment of issues related to stratospheric ozone depletion and global climate change, see NRC (1998a, 2001a,b, 2003a) and NAE/ NRC (2003).
Atmospheric deposition is also a major source of mercury to some aquatic ecosystems in North America. When mercury is present as methylmercury in sufficient quantities in the food chain, this contaminant is toxic to humans and animals (NRC 2000a). In addition, atmospheric deposition of nitrate and ammonium might be an important source of nitrogen in coastal regions, contributing to eutrophication, increased or harmful algal blooms, hypoxic and anoxic bottom waters, loss of sea grasses, and reduced fish stocks (Fisher and Oppenheimer 1991; D’Elia et al.
23 Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. html 24 AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT IN THE UNITED STATES United States; pertinent references are provided for those who desire more background information on general concepts of scientific and technical understanding of air pollution and its impacts. AIR POLLUTION SCIENCE The atmosphere is composed of a mixture of gases and particles. An air pollutant is generally defined as any substance in air that, in high enough concentrations, harms humans, ecosystems (other animals and vegetation), or materials (such as buildings and monuments) and reduces visibility.