Agriculture, Trade and the Environment: The Pig Sector by Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development

By Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development

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Additional info for Agriculture, Trade and the Environment: The Pig Sector (Agriculture, Trade and the Environment)

Sample text

The term “decoupling” refers to breaking the link between environmental pollution and economic growth. g. g. pigmeat production) to which it is causally linked (OECD, 2002b). 5. Pig nitrogen (N) manure production per unit of output in selected countries, 1985-1997 120 110 USA Japan 100 Canada France 2 Netherlands 90 Belgium Denmark 80 Australia 70 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 Notes: 1. Each point represents the level of pig N manure produced per tonne of pigmeat, with 1985=100.

Pollutant emissions from pig housing, mainly gas emissions (ammonia, methane, nitrous oxide and hydrogen sulphide associated with 56 odours) can be reduced through changes in the building’s ventilation and hygiene, and manure management. g. g. straw, deep litter); and temperature and ventilation control in the housing. Improved ventilation systems can also provide benefits in reducing dust and odours important to workers in piggeries and local people living close to these operations. 5). 5. 73 Housing System Note: 1.

Even so, it is possible that water use for irrigation to grow the feed for confined pig operations has a greater impact on water levels than water for processing. 2). The utilisation of the genetic stock of pig breeds, domesticated (native and exotic breeds) and wild variants, is essential in maintaining pig production. g. leaner pigmeat cuts); and meet environmental demands, such as developing pig breeds that can lower pollutant emission levels per kilogram of pigmeat produced. 4. Risk status for farm pig breeds in OECD countries Critical Breeds1 Canada Czech Republic Denmark France Germany Hungary Ireland Italy Japan Mexico New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States EU-15 World4 Endangered Breeds2 Total 1 ..

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