Acid in the environment : lessons learned and future by Gerald R. Visgilio, Diana M. Whitelaw

By Gerald R. Visgilio, Diana M. Whitelaw

This booklet is the results of a convention held biannually on the Goodwin-Niering heart for Conservation Biology and Environmental reviews at Connecticut university. It makes use of an interdisciplinary method of concentrate on very important ecological affects of acid deposition. The e-book combines study findings and the coverage analyses of specialists from varied educational disciplines with the positions complex by way of representatives of varied nongovernmental businesses.

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Acidic deposition was first reported in the United Kingdom in the later half of the 19th Century (Gorham 1992). Ecological effects were first documented in Scandinavia in the 1960s with the link between acidic deposition, surface water acidification and loss of fisheries (Gorham 1992). Atmospheric deposition of sulfate, nitrate and ammonium are elevated in eastern North America, Europe and large portions of Asia (Rodhe et al. 1995). Electric utilities account for the greatest proportion of anthropogenic sulfur dioxide emissions in Europe and North America.

Other frequently used acidification models include MAGIC (Cosby et al. 2001), and NuCM (Lui etal. 1992). 52 Charles T. Driscoll et al. ^s^Cy---^^^^'^^^ 20 18 "Z. 0 \ 20 15 < £ 10 5 15 CO . 10. Time series of predictions with the acidification model PnET-BGC of changes in stream chemistry at Hubbard Brook to changes in past and potential future emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides, including the 1990 Amendments of the Clean Air Act and moderate and aggressive emission control scenarios.

But in my view, there was primarily a lack of a common understanding between policy analysts/managers and scientist/managers about what science would in fact be helpful and useful in making policy recommendations and decisions. Interestingly, NAPAP was quite effective at galvanizing participation in research with the private sector. The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) and the National Council for Air and Stream Improvement (NC ASI) each brought substantial intellectual and financial resources to the table on ecological research, for example.

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