By Kenneth M. Setton, Harry W. Hazard
The six volumes of A heritage of the Crusades will stand because the definitive historical past of the Crusades, spanning 5 centuries, encompassing Jewish, Moslem, and Christian views, and containing a wealth of knowledge and research of the background, politics, economics, and tradition of the medieval international
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Milton Osborne, for example, attempted to see both sides of the colonial equation in dealing with French rule in Indochina. 82 So did David Marr, whose Vietnamese Anticolonialism 1885-1925 (Berkeley, 1971) placed evolving Vietnamese political thought firmly in a local setting. Both drew on quoc-ngu (Vietnamese) as well as French sources. And in dealing with Thailand, the one country that avoided the fate of colonial rule, David Wyatt portrayed Chulalongkorn's educational reforms, not in terms of the initiative of a Westernized absolute monarch, but as a response to the West 'which flowed painfully but naturally out of Thai history, society and culture'.
Malleret, K. A. N. Sastri, K. C. Chang, B. Bronson. Cambridge Histories Online © Cambridge University Press, 2008 THE WRITING OF SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY 25 process. AD we have is evidence in Chinese, epigraphic and archaeological sources, of Southeast Asian polities already showing signs of Indian influence. And with regard to the second type of question he concluded that to oppose Indian imperialism and local autonomy is to present a false dichotomy, given the complexity of local patterns; the fact that in any case there was not a single, homogeneous 'India'; and that, in India itself, 'Sanskritization' was uneven and patchy.
It is possible to detect, in the profession of history in general in the latter part of the twentieth century, a sense of uncertainty and a recognition of the precarious nature of historical knowledge: a reflection, no doubt, of the scepticism of the age. The initial mood of historians of Southeast Asia in the post-war years was certainly one of confidence, a confidence which must be seen against the background of the expansion of Southeast Asian studies in general to which reference has been made.