By Steven Runciman
Sir Steven Runciman's 3 quantity A heritage of the Crusades, one of many nice classics of English old writing, is now being reissued. during this ultimate quantity, Runciman examines the revival of the Frankish state on the time of the 3rd campaign till its cave in a century later. The interwoven subject matters of the e-book contain: Christiandom, the alternative of the classy Ayubites by means of the fewer sympathetic Mameluks as chief of the Moslem global, and the arrival of the Mongols. He features a bankruptcy on structure and the humanities, and an epilogue at the final manifestations of the Crusading spirit.
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Additional info for A History of the Crusades: Volume 3, The Kingdom of Acre and the Later Crusades
Taki, on the Saracen right, retired to lure on the Templars, who were opposite to him; but Saladin himself was deceived by the manceuvre and weakened his centre to rescue him. As a result both his right and his centre were put to flight with heavy losses, some of his troops never reining their horses till they reached Tiberias. The Count of Brienne even penetrated to the Sultan's own tent. But the Saracen left was intact; and when the Christians broke their ranks to pursue the fugitives Saladin charged with it and drove them back in disorder to their camp, which was at the same time assailed by a sortie from the garrison of Acre.
First, he sent a detachment across the Straits to occupy the town of Bagnara, on the Calabrian coast, and installed his sister there. Then he attacked a small island just off Messina, where there was a Greek convent. The monks were brutally ejected to give place to his troops. The treatment given to these holy men horrified the people ofMessina, who were mainly Greeks, while the wealthier citizens were enraged by the conduct of the English soldiers towards their wives and daughters. 1190: Richard seizes Messina On 3 October a quarrel in a suburb between some English soldiers and a group of citizens led to a riot.
Pp. 140-3, 150-3. " Ibid. pp. 154, 175; Ibn al-Athir, 11, p. 6; Ambroise, cols. 74-5. 3 Ernoul, pp. 358-9; Estoire d'Eracles, 11, pp. 125-6. 23 Acre last months and had carefully repaired the damage caused by his troops when he captured it. It was a strong fortress now, well garrisoned and well provisioned, capable of a long resistance. 1 Reinforcements began to arrive from the West early in September. san 0 \ Map I. Environs of Acre. 1 A few days later ships from Italy brought x For accoWlt of Acre, see Enlart, Les Monuments des Croises, vol.