A History of the Crusades: Volume 1, The First Crusade and by Steven Runciman

By Steven Runciman

Sir Steven Runciman's 3 quantity A heritage of the Crusades, one of many nice classics of English old writing, is being reissued. This quantity bargains thoroughly with the 1st campaign and the root of the dominion of Jerusalem. As Runciman says in his preface: 'Whether we regard the Crusades because the so much great and so much romantic of Christian adventures, or because the final of the barbarian invasions, they shape a important truth in medieval heritage. prior to their inception the centre of our civilization was once positioned in Byzantium and within the lands of the Arab caliphate. sooner than they pale out the hegemony in civilization had handed to western Europe. Out of this transference glossy heritage used to be born.'

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Extra info for A History of the Crusades: Volume 1, The First Crusade and the Foundation of the Kingdom of Jerusalem

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L. vol. XXVIII, cols. I325-6). , to Paulinus of Nola (ibid. vol. XXII, col. 580) he thought nothing was missed by a failure to visit Jerusalem. 39 The Pilgrims of Christ chc western Fathers, considered pilgrimages to be irrelevant and even dangerous and the Greek Fathers tended to agree with him; 1 but Saint Jerome, though he did not maintain that actual residence in Jerusalem was of any spiritual value, asserted that it was an act of faith to pray where the feet of Christ had stood. 2 His view was more popular than Augustine's.

The date IS d1scussed in Rosen, Emperor Basil the Bulgar-slayer (in Russian), p. 351. vr:I 30 The Emperor John Tzimisces The treaty made with its ruler carefully delineated the frontier between the new imperial province and the tributary towns. The ruler of Aleppo was to be nominated by the Emperor. The vassal state was to pay heavy taxes, from which the Christians were to be exempt, directly to the imperial treasury. Special privileges and protection was to be given to imperial merchants and caravans.

On his way back to Antioch he captured and garrisoned the two great castles of the Nosairi Mountains, Barzuya and Sahyun. Then he returned to Constantinople. But his campaign was never resumed. ~ite suddenly, in January 976, he died. 1 These wars had made the Christian Empire once more the great power in the East. With the prospect of the deliverance of the Christians of the East in sight, they had, moreover, reached the status of religious wars. Hitherto, wars against the Moslem had been wars regularly waged for the defence of the Empire and had been, so to speak, taken for granted as a part of daily life.

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