By Eric D. Weitz
Why did the 20 th century witness unparalleled equipped genocide? do we research why genocide is perpetrated by means of evaluating assorted circumstances of genocide? Is the Holocaust certain, or does it proportion reasons and contours with different instances of state-sponsored mass homicide? Can genocide be prevented?Blending gripping narrative with trenchant research, Eric Weitz investigates 4 of the 20 th century's significant eruptions of genocide: the Soviet Union less than Stalin, Nazi Germany, Cambodia less than the Khmer Rouge, and the previous Yugoslavia. Drawing on old assets in addition to trial documents, memoirs, novels, and poems, Weitz explains the superiority of genocide within the 20th century--and indicates how and why it turned so systematic and deadly.Weitz depicts the searing brutality of every genocide and strains its origins again to these strongest different types of the trendy international: race and state. He demonstrates how, in all of the instances, a powerful nation pursuing utopia promoted a selected mixture of severe nationwide and racial ideologies. In moments of severe main issue, those states certain convinced nationwide and racial teams, believing that in basic terms the annihilation of those "enemies" might permit the dominant team to flourish. And in each one example, huge segments of the inhabitants have been enticed to affix within the usually ritualistic activities that destroyed their neighbors.This e-book deals the most soaking up bills ever written of the inhabitants purges eternally linked to the names Stalin, Hitler, Pol Pot, and Milosevic. A arguable and richly textured comparability of those 4 smooth circumstances, it identifies the social and political forces that produce genocide.
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Extra resources for A Century of Genocide: Utopias of Race and Nation
39 But perhaps more than anything else, the violence exercised against Africans defined the new reality of race and demonstrated, despite the continued existence of free black communities, the association of slavery and blackness. Over the course of the eighteenth century, the colonies regulated and limited the violence that could be exerted against white servants. In contrast, whites could enact virtually boundless vio- Brought to you by | Duke University Authenticated Download Date | 12/12/15 4:43 AM r ac e a n d n at i o n ■ 25 lence against slaves.
4 “Nation,” rooted in the Latin natio, is a word with a much longer but also very diverse lineage. Like the Greek ethnos and genos, it simply meant a group of people, and writers from the ancient to the early modern world used it to describe all sorts of collectives: a kinship group, people with similar customs, the subjects of a particular state, or those with a common social function like students or even bonded laborers. 5 But in the modern period, the term has undergone such a profound transformation by becoming tightly bound to politics—to the form of the nation-state—that it has only a limited and restricted association with its earlier meanings.
To Sieyes, the members of the aristocracy could never be members of the nation because they performed no socially useful acts. They did not produce but lived a life of leisure off the labors of others. ”62 The nobility was even dangerous to the health of the nation. ”63 Were nobles to be included, the social body of the nation would be completely sapped of its vitality. Sieyes writes: Do not ask what is the appropriate place for a privileged class in the social order. It is like deciding on the appropriate place in the body of a sick man for a malignant tumor that torments him and drains his strength.